葛瑞琴‧魯賓以多本國際暢銷心理勵志作品，成為許多讀者心目中的美好生活大使，在《過得還不錯的一年》、《待在家裡也不錯》，她以具體的提案習作提供讀者改變生活的藍圖，到了《烏托邦的日常》，她則更進一步，將重心移轉到改變生活所不可或缺的─養成習慣。然而，隨著許多讀者回饋「我沒辦法養成習慣怎麼辦？」、「我想實踐妳的提案可是總是無法持續。」，她漸漸發現理解每個人的特質，似乎是決定一個人如何養成習慣的關鍵因素。而就在某一天，她突然想通了這個核心分類法是什麼─ 它正是取決於我們如何面對─「期待/ Expectation」。
In Gretchen Rubin’s practical and authoritative examination, The Four Tendencies, the bestselling author of Better Than Before and The Happiness Project identifies the four personality types that motivate everything we do.
When writing about habits for her last book, Gretchen Rubin stumbled on the biggest discovery of her life—the Four Tendencies. The Tendencies describe how a person responds to motivation, and how that affects family dynamics, happiness, work, and organizations. Investigating the Four Tendencies quickly became the most challenging and important project Gretchen had ever embarked upon.
A pleasurable read that also serves as an authoritative reference on a breakthrough personality framework, The Four Tendencies identifies the qualities of Upholders, Questioners, Obligers, and Rebels, examining each in depth while also discussing how it interacts with the world.
For readers, the book provides a self-assessment that will empower them to change their actions, overcome stubborn hurdles, and improve relationships. When applied to a family, team, or work setting, the framework unlocks tension so leaders can be effective and groups can be productive. It is already being used by teachers, managers, and coaches successfully across the country.
For years, Gretchen Rubin has encouraged readers to be their best selves. The Four Tendencies, infused with Gretchen’s optimistic spirit and sharp observations, will help them make their lives happier, healthier, more productive, and more creative.
“The Four Tendencies will immediately improve every area of your life—and I say this from personal experience. If you’ve been feeling stuck in your relationships, career, health, or self-confidence, understanding your Tendency and how to make it work for you is the game-changer you’ve been looking for.” —Melissa Hartwig (Upholder), author and cocreator of The Whole30
"The path to happiness starts with your personality. In The Four Tendencies, Gretchen Rubin upends the conventional wisdom of one prescription fitting all people and offers readers a tailored path to better health, relationships and well-being. A remarkable read from one of the most practical storytellers on the planet." —Tom Rath (Questioner), author of Are You Fully Charged? and StrengthsFinder 2.0
“This Rebel can’t help but agree with the crowd: you need to read The Four Tendencies! The online quiz is mega-popular for good reason, but the book will give you unexpected, lasting insights. You'll learn to make better decisions based on what works best for your specific personality profile—not what anyone else expects or demands.” —Chris Guillebeau (Rebel), author of Side Hustle and host of the podcast Side Hustle School
“The Four Tendencies is a remarkably well-crafted and insightful book. Gretchen Rubin taught me why, as a Rebel, my expectations often clash with others’ expectations and helped me develop a more compassionate view. Better still, The Four Tendencies offers powerful steps that we can all take to have more constructive relationships with the people in our lives.” —Robert Sutton (Rebel), Stanford Professor and author of The Asshole Survival Guide: How to Deal with People Who Treat You Like Dirt
“The greatest predictor of growth and happiness is actionable self-knowledge. Gretchen Rubin gives you the tools to not only understand yourself and others, but what to do with that knowledge. Insightful, practical and crucial, The Four Tendencies will help you overcome the biggest impediments to your happiness and success.” —Shawn Achor (Upholder), author of The Happiness Advantage and Before Happiness
“Gretchen Rubin has discovered a new framework for understanding ourselves and other people. When we know our Tendency, we can manage ourselves more effectively and reach our goals faster—and we can help others to do that, as well. As a researcher who has studied habits, addiction, and change for 20 years, I’m excited by the simplicity and power of The Four Tendencies as a tool for anyone seeking to make his or her life better. I am implementing this in my clinical programs to help people understand their Tendencies so they can change behaviors such as stress and emotional eating.” —Judson Brewer, MD, PhD (Questioner), author of The Craving Mind and associate professor in medicine and psychiatry at the University of Massachusetts Medical School
“Gretchen Rubin’s groundbreaking Four Tendencies framework is a simple yet deeply-researched and powerful tool that helps us better recognize our own nature, harness its strengths, and counteract its weaknesses. With her trademark wit and insight, Gretchen gives us the tools to create the life we want, in a way that’s right for us. The surprising thing? Once you know about these four types, you see them everywhere.” —Susan David, PhD, (Upholder), cofounder of the Institute of Coaching and author of Emotional Agility
“If you want to change anything in your life, you need Gretchen Rubin. Her ideas are original, instinctive and revolutionary. Whether you want to get fitter, work smarter or be tidier, she shows you how to tweak your habits (almost) effortlessly. This Rebel sleeps better, deletes more email, is three stone lighter and forever in her debt.” —Viv Groskop (Rebel), journalist and comedian
"I love Gretchen Rubin and she helps me understand both myself and the people around me." —Cathy Rentzenbrink (Obliger), author of The Last Act of Love