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重返佛陀的故鄉:尼泊爾震災慈濟援助紀實

重返佛陀的故鄉:尼泊爾震災慈濟援助紀實

RETURNING TO BUDDHA’S BIRTHPLACE: TZU CHI DISASTER RELIEF FOR NEPAL EARTHQUAKE

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內容簡介

  2015年4月25日11時56分,一場芮氏規模7.8強震,震出了二千五百多年前,佛陀眼中成住壞空、生老病死的苦難世界。古國傾圯,一片狼籍。

  尼泊爾,以繽紛多元的文化色彩、高山冰川的自然景觀,和世界第一高峰聖母峰著稱,吸引著來自全世界觀光客的目光;這裡也是佛教創始者釋迦牟尼佛出生、求道、成佛之地。

  然而,2015年4月25日的強震,不僅震垮尼國經濟命脈的觀光業,也震出了二千五百多年前,佛陀眼中成住壞空、生老病死的苦難世界。著名歷史古蹟,化為瓦礫塵埃;近萬人往生,哀嚎處處;劫後餘生的傷患擠滿醫院,醫療資源嚴重不足,問題接踵而來,危機瞬至……

  在一片廢墟瓦礫之中,在幾近八百萬人瀕臨絕望之際,慈濟展開急難發放、義診衛教、簡易教室援建等等援助行動,以數十年國際賑災之經驗,將大愛深入災區,拔苦與樂。

  慈濟人文真善美志工記錄賑災的各個面向,以「文字、圖像、影音」為慈濟與人類歷史留下珍貴地愛的足跡,而賑災團員們的心得和感人的圖像,也見證第一線的付出感動。

  本書由慈濟文發處從逾十萬張的照片彙編而成,陳述慈濟人在尼泊爾,從被視為一群陌生的國際賑災人員,到親如家人的互動與互愛過程,重現慈濟賑災的理念與情懷,並見證當代人間的至真、至美、至善的無私大愛。
 

作者介紹

作者簡介

慈濟基金會人文志業發展處


  本書為慈濟人文志業發展處與人文真善美志工、尼泊爾賑災團員的共同創作。人文真善美是一群來自各行各業的志工,藉由文發處同仁陪伴,培育為「文字、圖像、影音」記錄人才,負責慈濟相關活動之文史採集、撰寫、攝像;而此次前往尼泊爾賑災的團員們,亦以手機照片、文字心得等記錄動人事蹟,再由文發處企畫、彙整、編輯出版,期許能為人間留下真善美的大藏經。
 

目錄

序:法入心行,歸返佛陀故鄉 證嚴上人   10   
THE DHARMA COMES HOME TO NEPAL-- DHARMA MASTER CHENG YEN  10 

編者的話:佛國慈悲行紀 何日生  16  
RETURNING WITH COMPASSION TO THE BUDDHA’S BIRTHPLACE----REY-SHENG HER
尼泊爾慈濟賑災分布圖(1993、2015年)  24  
TZU CHI NEPAL DISASTER RELIEF MAP(1993, 2015)

第一部  賑災背景    時空變遷 慈悲無礙  26  
CHAPTER 1: TZU CHI RELIEF EFFORTS BEGINS
COMPASSION OVERCOMES All OBSTACLES

第二部 醫療義診    醫者父母 痛如己身  70  
CHAPTER 2: FREE MEDICAL SERVICES
MEDICAL CARE WITH A PARENT’S HEART

第三部 發放訪視   共一缽飯 盼一安眠   108  
CHAPTER 3:  DISTRIBUTIONS & HOME VISITS
A BOWL OF RICE, A GOOD NIGHT’S REST

第四部 人文教育  安住心靈 偕手相伴  172  
CHAPTER 4: EDUCATION, WITH HUMANITY
CALMING SPIRITS, EXTENDING HELPING HANDS

第五部 賑災模式 直接重點 尊重務實  204  
CHAPTER 5: TZU CHI’S DISASTER RELIEF PRINCIPLES
TIMELINESS, DIRECTNESS, PRIORITY, RESPECT, PRACTICALITY

第六部 助學安身──感同身受 始終陪伴  234  
CHAPTER 6: PREFABRICATED CLASSROOMS FOR STUDENTS  
LOVE AND CARE FOR ALL

第七部 法脈長傳──佛陀子民 慧善薪芽  258       
CHAPTER 7: PASSING ON THE DHARMA-LINEAGE
NEW SPROUTS IN THE BUDDHA’S BIRTHPLACE

附錄APPENDIX:
尼泊爾地震賑災援助數據統計  304
NEPAL EARTHQUAKE RELIEF SUMMARY

尼泊爾地震慈濟賑災行動大事紀  306  
TIMELINE OF NEPAL EARTHQUAKE RELIEF

慈濟尼泊爾賑災團員名單  317  
MEMBERS OF TZU CHI DISASTER RELIEF AND MEDICAL TEAMS
 



法入心行,歸返佛陀故鄉
The Dharma Comes Home to Nepal


  尼泊爾——佛陀的故鄉,一場強震過後,映入眼簾的是滿目瘡痍、滿城瓦礫,高樓平房、千年古蹟倒塌毀損,許多生命瞬間消失。當地民眾在強震前一秒鐘仍喜樂歡笑,後一秒鐘卻遍地哀號,令人不忍。慈濟人在震後立即準備出發勘災,卻輾轉波折數日才抵達尼泊爾。自此我們的腳步從未離開,迄今仍在當地關懷。

  當慈濟人踏上這片土地時,不禁遙想二千多年前,佛陀在此出生、成長,而後修行成佛,遊化各地宣說佛理,彷彿還可以感受到佛陀當時的慈悲。而看見災難景象,不僅印證佛陀所說「無常」及「成、住、壞、空」的道理,更能體會佛法是永恆真理。所以,大家要法入心、法入行,將佛法帶回佛陀的故鄉,膚慰受災受難的人。

  慈濟人抱持感恩心走入災區,看到許多貧窮人的生活因遇難而雪上加霜,也看到當地仍存在著社會階級分別。於是透過賑災,積極帶動「教富濟貧」與「濟貧教富」。

  首先發放生活物資,為貧窮人解生計的燃眉之急;發放過程中,彎腰鞠躬,平等尊敬地獻上物資,並歡喜地給予擁抱。如此身行,深深感動了當地人,也紛紛加入志工行列。因緣會合,數位富商投入慈濟的發放,出錢出力,又親自隨著慈濟人走近貧者,一樣彎腰鞠躬、親手布施,打破他們原有的貴賤觀念。藉由發放活動,解除貧者生活的困境,開啟富者內心的大愛,同時讓人性回歸平等真如。這不就實踐了「教富濟貧」的精神嗎?

  此外,也努力推動「濟貧教富」,對於受助的人,我們抱持「苦既拔已,復為說法」的理念,給予生活資助後,再啟發本具的佛性,讓他們體會人人都能救人的道理。「竹筒歲月」於焉開展,即使只是一元、五角,投入竹筒,都如大海裡永不乾涸的一滴水。凝聚點滴力量,也可以去救人,讓人人歡喜感受:我也有一分救人的力量!

  當急難救助告一段落,但許多人還聚居帳篷區,生活條件簡陋,因此慈濟已展開中長期的援助工作。除了援建簡易屋之外,也持續進行人文關懷與慈濟人醫會義診,帶動更多當地志工投入。

  八月初,人醫會在帳篷區舉辦一次大型義診,有臺灣前去的醫師,還有當地好幾位醫師共襄盛舉。義診前下起大雨,承擔總務的志工趕緊搭起帳棚,並由當地志工在積水處協助鋪路,儘管雙腳陷入泥濘,依然彎下腰,徒手墊起一塊塊磚頭,再鋪上竹籬。大家分工合作,只為了讓前來求診的老弱婦孺有一條好路可走,這真是「用愛鋪路走過來」。

  尼泊爾重建之路仍漫長,在這片大地上,欣見美善的人們用真實之愛撫平受創的人心,陪伴他們走過艱辛困境。展望未來,期待眾人繼續發揮愛的能量,傳承這分真誠與無私,在佛國走出一條菩提大直道。

證嚴上人

編者的話

佛國慈悲行紀


  尼泊爾以兩大高峰聞名於世,一是全球最高的喜馬拉雅山脈;另一則是在人類文明裡,最高靈性智者佛陀的故鄉,也是佛教的發源地,每年吸引了許多遊客前來。然而居住在這片土地上的人民,千百年來卻過著窮苦的生活。2015年4月25日的大地震,更加劇了這種困頓的生活。

  身為佛教團體,慈濟基金會立刻召集志工組織賑災團隊,並於地震發生兩天後即前往尼泊爾。十五位首梯賑災醫療團員中有五位醫護人員,隨行並攜帶一點四公噸的醫療用品及賑災物資前往救急。然而此行並不容易,由於當地沒有慈濟志工,無法事先確認種種賑災事宜;雖然慈濟在1993年(二十二年前)曾於尼泊爾馬克萬普、勞特哈特及薩拉衣等三地區援建了一千八百戶永久屋給水患災民,但交屋之後即斷了聯繫。然而幸運的是,透過尼泊爾前科技部長卡夏‧曼‧釋迦的協助,慈濟團員抵達當日得以拜會當地的政府官員,說明慈濟此次救援目的與行動,得到官方的協助與指導,並幸運地在抵達隔日便取得醫療許可證。

  醫護人員分成兩組進行,一組跟隨著卡夏‧曼‧釋迦部長的兒子尼爾‧釋迦醫師到偏鄉義診;另一組專科醫師則留在加德滿都,以支援兩家當地醫院進行緊急手術,幫助地震中受傷且缺乏止痛藥可用的大量骨折病患,並提供骨材及藥材給當地醫療資源不足的醫院。此外,團員們也發現,因為病床不足,許多傷患只能躺在醫院外面的地面上等待治療,帳篷區的居民也同樣是席地而睡。於是慈濟立即從馬來西亞及中國大陸運送福慧床(多功能折疊床)至尼泊爾,提供給醫院及臨時帳篷區的居民使用。

  從5月到8月,災後一百多天的日子裡,慈濟有近百位醫護人員前往尼泊爾賑災、義診,超過一萬五千位傷患獲得治療。受到慈濟醫護人員的愛心鼓舞,當地醫療人員也開始籌設尼泊爾的「慈濟國際人醫會」,參與這項慈濟從1996年創立,現今在二十三個國家地區進行的國際醫療服務。

  5月中的一個夜裡,加德滿都的一場暴雨,讓位在災區的慈濟義診帳篷幾乎因此倒塌,當地居民不顧自己家的帳篷也瀕臨傾倒,趕忙在豪雨中用手撐扶慈濟義診帳篷,整整淋了將近兩小時的大雨。這件事情讓團員們見證到當地居民感受到慈濟醫療人員的愛心關懷,從而感恩回饋的行動。

  雖然醫療義診取得居民信任,但第一週團員們即感受到在尼泊爾當地賑災的困難。難處之一便是要取得當地政府信任和通過購買物資的評估耗時過久,影響發放的進度。印尼慈濟分會於是出面協助,藉由印尼軍機從雅加達載送物資到加德滿都,十四位印尼隨行志工帶著超過六十個軍用帳篷,並為當地居民提供熱食。全球志工分工合作,印尼志工負責購買物資,而來自臺灣、馬來西亞及美國的志工們則向政府確認巴塔普災區需要物資關懷的鄉親名單。從5月10日臺灣的浴佛節開始第一次物資發放,超過兩萬五千名鄉親收到物資及關懷,截至8月已逾二十萬名鄉親受益。在急難救援階段,慈濟也提供臨時避難所安置數百戶當地居民。

  5月12日當天規模七點二的餘震再次震撼了尼泊爾加德滿都等地,臨時帳篷區裡充斥著鄉親們驚恐的尖叫聲,慈濟志工們立即給予擁抱與膚慰,這樣的愛與關懷一直是慈濟賑災的內涵,而不僅只是給予物資而已。

  當緊急救難階段告一段落,慈濟開始思考中長期的援建計畫。在尼泊爾有三十九萬間教室因地震損毀,其中包含了高中及大學等校舍,慈濟志工先行前往加德滿都當地的學校勘察評估。來自臺灣、馬來西亞的營建專家與經由印尼慈濟志工黃榮年介紹認識的尼泊爾實業家納瑞許.杜加的專業營建公司合作援建。

  杜加的女兒蘇莉絲汀因為受到感動而加入慈濟志工的行列,一起為受災鄉親服務。在尼泊爾傳統種姓制度文化裡,婆羅門身分的她是不應碰觸底層賤民的,然而蘇莉絲汀卻親自為他們投藥除頭蝨,這是前所未有,也是慈悲的力量超越了各種隔閡的展現。

  自地震起將近四個月的時間,證嚴上人幾乎每天親自主持視訊連線會議與身處尼泊爾的志工們討論賑災事宜,提供志工們和納瑞許先生、尼爾醫師、穆坤逹先生、勝偉醫師、葛雷神父等當地朋友們慈悲的洞見。這次成功的賑災行動,應歸功於上人的慈悲與智慧引導,以及來自臺灣、印尼、馬來西亞、美國及中國大陸等地全球不同國家地區的志工,在慈善、醫療、教育、人文和建築等領域發揮專長,以共同的理念、感恩的心情、合作無間地付出。他們自行負擔旅費,至少在當地待上兩週,為尼泊爾受災鄉親付出他們的慈悲與愛。

  來自地方與尼泊爾中央政府的支持,更是對慈濟在緊急救助及重建計畫上有顯著的幫助。巴塔普的地方首長也在當地報紙上刊登慈濟賑災發放物資受惠者名單,展現慈濟賑災的透明度與當地政府負責任的態度。

  其實,讓慈濟志工最感動的是尼泊爾當地受災的鄉親。身為佛國子民,他們展現出一分純真的心,即使是在最艱困的時候,從未失去笑容與感恩心,許多人協助賑災,無論是投入慈濟志工的行列或是參與援助專案的規畫,他們都是慈濟的好朋友,更是慈濟的家人們。

  本書的出版,旨在表彰所有為尼泊爾地震苦難而付出的在地與來自全球的志工們。我們由衷地相信與期待,經歷過這個世紀性的災難之後,這些志工們展現出來的慈悲力量,將為尼泊爾鄉親帶來光明的新希望。

  Returning with Compassion to the Buddha’s Birthplace

  There are two peaks in Nepal. One is the mighty Himalayas and the other a pinnacle of human civilization -- Buddhism. Nepal is the birthplace of the Buddha. As such, it attracts thousands of tourists; but, for many centuries, her people have been living in poverty and suffering. When a devastating earthquake struck Nepal in April 25, 2015, living conditions became even worse for them.  

  As a Buddhist organization, Tzu Chi Foundation inspired its volunteers and they departed for Nepal two days after the earthquake. Fifteen of them, including five medical doctors, brought 1.4 tonne of medicine and relief materials; they hoped to provide immediate support to the victims of the earthquake. Tzu Chi’s mission to Nepal was no simple matter; it had no prior connection to the country – except for one project in 1993. The foundation built 1,800 permanent homes for the survivors of severe flooding in the Makwanpur, Rautahat and Sarlahi districts. After that, it ended all its relationships in the country. Therefore, the volunteers were particularly grateful that Dr. Keshab Man Shakya, former Minister of Science, Technology, and the Environment, met us the moment arrived at the airport of Kathmandu. He introduced us to leaders of the major political parties that very day, to let them know our principles and motivation in coming to support the survivors of the earthquake. It was also an opportunity for us to ask for their support and advice. It was really fortunate that, on the very next day, we received permission to conduct medical clinics.

  Our physicians split into two teams. One conducted free clinics in rural villages accompanied by Doctor Nirdesh Shakya, son of former Minister Keshab Shakya. The other team performed surgery in two hospitals in Kathmandu; they lacked bone replacements and the technical equipment needed to treat the patients severely injured by the earthquake. Many patients did not even get enough pain relievers on the first day we visited; many simply lay on the floor because there were not enough beds. To remedy this, Tzu Chi imported thousands of convertible beds from Malaysia and mainland China; these were invented by residents of the Jing Si Abode and are called ‘Jing Si Multi-purpose Folding Bed’. They were supplied to the hospitals and the residents who lived in the temporary tents.  

  From May to August, over a period of more than 100 days, Tzu Chi sent nearly 100 doctors and nurses to provide medical services to over 15,000 patients. The love and compassion of Tzu Chi doctors inspired many local physicians to organize the TIMA in Nepal. That is the Tzu Chi International Medical Association that was established in 1996 and has since worked in over 23 countries and regions.

  In mid-May, a major monsoon hit Kathmandu. During the night, the heavy rain almost overturned the medical tents which Tzu Chi had set up in the resettlement areas. Despite the rain, the residents came out to protect these tents with their own hands for almost two hours – disregarding the fact that their own tents might have collapsed. This story shows how much they were touched by the care and compassion of Tzu Chi’s medical personnel.  

  The first week in Nepal was difficult for the volunteers. It took time to earn the trust of local government officials. It also involved long-term negotiations and evaluation to purchase the relief materials they needed. It was the branch in Indonesia that made the breakthrough; they worked with the Indonesia military to arrange a military cargo aircraft which flew directly from Jakarta to Kathmandu. It brought 14 volunteers of the foundation and more than 60 military tents. They started to cook hot meals for those living in the tents. The volunteers from Indonesia were responsible for purchasing relief materials. The other volunteers, from Taiwan, Malaysia and the United States, were responsible for negotiations with city officials regarding name lists of people eligible to receive relief distribution in the city of Bhaktapur. In Kathmandu, Tzu Chi started its first distribution on May 10, the Buddha Day in Taiwan. More than 25,000 people received the relief materials. As of August, over 200,000 people have received Tzu Chi’s relief goods. During this stage of emergency relief, Tzu Chi also built tents as  temporary shelters for hundreds of families.

  On May 12, there was a second major earthquake, of 7.2 magnitudes. It struck Kathmandu and elsewhere in Nepal. The screaming of the villagers in the relocated areas was so loud and the people were so terrified that the Tzu Chi volunteers rushed to hug and comfort them. It is always the principle of Tzu Chi during relief work to provide love and care as well as material help.
As the stage of emergency relief came to an end, the foundation started to think about and plan relief for the medium term, as well as long-term rehabilitation and reconstruction. The earthquake ruined more than 390,000 classrooms; Tzu Chi volunteers first considered reconstruction of schools in Kathmandu, including high schools and colleges. The foundation sent architects from Taiwan and Malaysia; they worked with a construction company owned by local entrepreneur Mr. Naresh Dugar. Mr. Dugar joined Tzu Chi’s relief work in June; he was introduced by Indonesian volunteer, Mr. Frank Huang. He and all the members of his family devoted their energy to Tzu Chi’s mission in Nepal.

  One of his daughters, Ms. Shristi Dugar, joined the volunteers in cleaning lice from the heads of residents. She belongs to the caste of Brahmin, who are forbidden to touch people known as Dalit; they are the lowest caste, considered ‘untouchable’ in the traditional Hindu system. Despite this ban, Shristi touched and cleaned the head lice from Dalit people. That was seen as unprecedented in Nepali society; it shows how the power of compassion can break the barriers of caste and ethnicity.  

  Almost every day during the four months since the earthquake struck, Dharma Master Cheng Yen held a video conference with volunteers in Nepal. She gave instructions, insights and compassion to all the volunteers and local friends, including Mr. Naresh Dugar, Doctor Nirdesh Shakya, Mr. Mukunda Bista, Doctor Sarvesh Gyawali and Father Gregory Sharkey. The success of the relief work has been the result of the wisdom and compassion of Dharma Master Cheng Yen and the joint efforts of volunteers from around the world, especially Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, the United States and mainland China. These volunteers come from  different countries and professions, including, charity, medicine, education, humanities and construction; they share one ideal – to give with gratitude and work altogether as a team. All paid their own travel costs and stayed at least two weeks -- some even more than a month – to give their love and compassion to the suffering people of Nepal.

  The support from the local and central government of Nepal also significantly contributed to Tzu Chi’s emergency reliefs and rehabilitation plan. The Bhaktapur city office published in a local newspaper the names of the recipients of Tzu Chi’s relief; this showed the transparency and accountability of the government of Nepal.  

  Finally, what impressed all the volunteers most of all has been the people of Nepal. As descendants of Buddha, they have pure and loving hearts.  Even in this most devastating situation, they never forgot to smile and be grateful.  Many have joined Tzu Chi’s relief mission, as volunteers or participants in the relief work. They are now good friends and have become members of the Tzu Chi family.

  This book aims to recognize all the love and effort of the volunteers, both local and international, for those who were victims of the Nepalese earthquake. We sincerely believe and expect that, after the tragedy of this century, these volunteers represent the strength of compassion and a new hope and enlightenment for the people of Nepal.   

何日生
 

詳細資料

  • ISBN:9789863208105
  • 規格:平裝 / 320頁 / 19 x 26 cm / 普通級 / 單色印刷 / 初版
  • 出版地:台灣
  • 語文:中英對照

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