Charles Wagley (1913-1991) was an American anthropologist specializing in rural Latin America. His principal focus was on Brazil, where he is considered to be one of the founders of contemporary Brazilian anthropology. He made major contributions to the concept of culture areas for Latin America (including a typology of subcultures for the region) and to the notion that race was a cultural construct. He conducted extensive research in the Amazon among indigenous groups and rural Brazilians. Out of the latter came his classic description of life in the Amazon: Amazon Town. With this volume, editor/author Richard Pace has revised and updated Charles Wagley's Amazon Town to coincide with Wagley's 100th birthday in late 2013.