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Political Tribes: Group Instinct and the Fate of Nations

Political Tribes: Group Instinct and the Fate of Nations

  • 作者: Amy Chua
  • 原文出版社:Penguin Press
  • 出版日期:2018/02/20
  • 語言:英文
  • 定價:595
  • 運送方式:
  • 臺灣與離島
  • 海外
  • 可配送點:台灣、蘭嶼、綠島、澎湖、金門、馬祖
  • 可取貨點:台灣、蘭嶼、綠島、澎湖、金門、馬祖
載入中...
 

內容簡介

  習以為常的偏見,造成美國外交的困境與挫敗

  耶魯法學教授,《虎媽的戰歌》作者蔡美兒,繼精準預測全球化導致的危險動盪後,直指美國對政治部落主義的放任是外交政策一再失敗的主因!


  人類是群居動物,我們必須有所歸屬。在世界的許多角落,令許多人願意為之奮戰、犧牲與殺戮的重要群體認同,都是來自種族、宗教、派系與氏族。但美國傾向以國家型態掀起明確的戰爭—資本主義與共產主義、民主政體與極權政體,「自由世界」與「邪惡軸心」–因而時常輕忽了部族政治的力量。這種盲目性一次又一次地破壞了美國的外交政策。
  
  在越戰中,糾結於冷戰的衝突,我們沒看到大多數越南“資本家”是被討厭的華人少數,每一個支持自由市場的舉動都在幫助越南人民對抗美國。在伊拉克,美國人對遜尼派與什葉派之間的仇恨竟爾不屑一顧。如果美國人想要正確的外交政策,讓自己遠離永無止境的警戒與難以戰勝的戰爭,就必須切實掌握國外的政治部落主義。
  
  正如華盛頓的外交政策機構對外國部族政治的視而不見,美國政治菁英也對普通美國人來說最重要的群體身份毫不在意,而這正在撕裂美國。隨著川普的崛起,身分認同政治以一種特別危險的、種族影響的方式影響了左右兩派。此刻的美國,每個族群都感到威脅:白人和黑人、拉美裔和亞裔、男人和女人、自由派和保守派等等。集體迫害與歧視普遍存在。左派一方掀起了越來越激進的排外特權與文化挪用的辯論。而另一邊,右派白人民族主義的不安情緒上升更加強了仇外心理。
  
  蔡美兒言詞鏗鏘,認為每個國家都應該重新發掘超越政治部落的國族認同。假團結的口號夠多了,都只是另一種分歧的形式。現在,承認各群體差異的現實,對抗分裂彼此的深刻不平等,才有辦法達成更近一步的團結。
  
  「一如往常,蔡美兒提出了一個挑釁的處方來治癒我們的政治疾病。她挑戰我們跨越族群的鴻溝–不是透過否認分歧,而是透過歌頌它們。」–《給予》《反叛,改變世界的力量》《擁抱B選項》作者亞當.格蘭特
  
  (文/博客來編譯)
  The bestselling author of Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother, Yale Law School Professor Amy Chua offers a bold new prescription for reversing our foreign policy failures and overcoming our destructive political tribalism at home
  
  Humans are tribal.  We need to belong to groups.  In many parts of the world, the group identities that matter most – the ones that people will kill and die for – are ethnic, religious, sectarian, or clan-based.  But because America tends to see the world in terms of nation-states engaged in great ideological battles – Capitalism vs. Communism, Democracy vs. Authoritarianism, the “Free World” vs. the “Axis of Evil” – we are often spectacularly blind to the power of tribal politics.  Time and again this blindness has undermined American foreign policy.
  
  In the Vietnam War, viewing the conflict through Cold War blinders, we never saw that most of Vietnam’s “capitalists” were members of the hated Chinese minority. Every pro-free-market move we made helped turn the Vietnamese people against us. In Iraq, we were stunningly dismissive of the hatred between that country’s Sunnis and Shias.  If we want to get our foreign policy right – so as to not be perpetually caught off guard and fighting unwinnable wars – the United States has to come to grips with political tribalism abroad.
  
  Just as Washington’s foreign policy establishment has been blind to the power of tribal politics outside the country, so too have American political elites been oblivious to the group identities that matter most to ordinary Americans – and that are tearing the United States apart.  As the stunning rise of Donald Trump laid bare, identity politics have seized both the American left and right in an especially dangerous, racially inflected way.  In America today, every group feels threatened: whites and blacks, Latinos and Asians, men and women, liberals and conservatives, and so on. There is a pervasive sense of collective persecution and discrimination.  On the left, this has given rise to increasingly radical and exclusionary rhetoric of privilege and cultural appropriation. On the right, it has fueled a disturbing rise in xenophobia and white nationalism.
  
  In characteristically persuasive style, Amy Chua argues that America must rediscover a national identity that transcends our political tribes.  Enough false slogans of unity, which are just another form of divisiveness. It is time for a more difficult unity that acknowledges the reality of group differences and fights the deep inequities that divide us.
  
  Review
  
  “True to form, Amy Chua presents a provocative prescription to cure our political ills. She challenges us to cross the chasm between groups—not by denying differences, but by celebrating them.”
  —Adam Grant, New York Times bestselling author of Give and Take, Originals, and Option B with Sheryl Sandberg
  
  “Presented with keen clarity and brimming with definitive insights, Chua’s analysis of identity politics is essential reading for understanding policy challenges both at home and abroad.” — Booklist
  
  “Amy Chua’s insightful, provocative and deeply troubling book is the place to begin our long overdue national discussion on how to repair the deep divisions in the American political landscape. Political Tribes is a wakeup call to the dangers of surrendering national unity to a fractured landscape of feuding and narrow interests.”—Tom Brokaw, author of The Greatest Generation
  
  “Brilliant, timeless and timely. Political Tribes concisely explains the forces that made our experiences in Vietnam, Afghanistan, and Iraq so maddeningly difficult to comprehend, and brings that same thoughtful analysis to America today.  Amy Chua provokes thought – and we need that.”—General Stan McChrystal, US Army (Ret)
  
  “Political Tribes is a beautifully written, eminently readable, and uniquely important challenge to conventional wisdom. In it, Amy Chua argues that tribalism—and the social dysfunction and violence that comes along with it—is the norm all over the world, but the United States managed to escape its worst impulses thanks to a shared sense of national identity. But there's trouble on the horizon: identity politics on both the left and right threaten to unravel that consensus. Chua's book is a clarion call, encouraging us to reject the primal pull of identitarianism and return to that most radical of ideas, that Americans share something bigger than race or ethnicity or ideology: common citizenship and purpose.”—J. D. Vance, author of Hillbilly Elegy
  
  “Another wonderful book by Amy Chua! In Political Tribes, she demonstrates once again that she ranks with the keenest observers of the contemporary landscape, establishing convincingly that “Humans are tribal,” and that this reality holds significant implications for America if we truly are to achieve a ‘more perfect union.’” —General David Petraeus, US Army (Ret), former commander of coalition forces in Iraq and Afghanistan and former Director of the CIA
  
  “Amy Chua speaks hard truths that no one can ignore. We are, as Chua makes clear, living in denial about the power of tribalism over our domestic and foreign policy -- blinded, it seems, by our own optimism and distaste for essentialism. A page turner and revelation, Political Tribes will change the way you think.”—Tim Wu, author of The Attention Merchants and The Master Switch
  
 

作者介紹

作者簡介

  Amy Chua is the John M. Duff, Jr. Professor at Yale Law School. She is a noted expert in the fields of ethnic conflict and globalization, and the author of the bestselling titles World on Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability, Day of Empire: How Hyperpowers Rise to Global Dominance—and Why They Fall, Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother, and her most recent book, The Triple Package: How Three Unlikely Traits Explain the Rise and Fall of Cultural Groups in America, co-written with Jed Rubenfeld. She lives in New Haven, Connecticut, with her husband and two daughters.
 
 

詳細資料

  • ISBN:9780525559047
  • 規格:平裝 / 304頁 / 普通級 / 單色印刷 / 初版
  • 出版地:美國

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