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The Map of Knowledge: A Thousand-Year History of How Classical Ideas Were Lost and Found

The Map of Knowledge: A Thousand-Year History of How Classical Ideas Were Lost and Found

  • 作者: Moller, Violet
  • 原文出版社:Doubleday
  • 出版日期:2019/05/14
  • 語言:英文
  • 定價:1050
  • 優惠價:699
  • 優惠期限:2019年11月13日止
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內容簡介

  普立茲獎作者葛林布萊Stephen GreenBlatt力推!
  黑暗時代來臨,幾近熄滅的知識之火如何熊熊燃起文藝復興的火炬?


  在羅馬帝國隕落後,歐洲黑暗時代來臨,無論是文化還是物質水平皆停滯不前,甚至有衰退傾向。然而,珍貴文獻就在這樣的紛亂中途經應地中海各大城市,最後燃起文藝復興的時代火炬。

  古希臘學家將他們的學識寫在一軸軸的捲軸中,珍藏於各地圖書館,奠定我們現代哲學、數學、天文學及地理學知識的基礎都根基於此。然而,羅馬帝國瓦解後,基督教徒視非基督教思想為異教,極盡迫害、大舉焚書,藏書最豐的亞歷山大圖書館自然首當其衝,蕩然無存,許多文物或是焚毀、或是四散。

  可幸的是,有些珍貴文獻逃過一劫,而在暗黑世紀的少數知識重鎮又在其中扮演什麼關鍵角色呢?

  以地中海的七個城市為舞台──它們成為黑暗時代光的安身之處──讓學者們獲得保護,得以相聚並一同鑽研、翻譯這些古老珍貴的知識捲軸。西元第八世紀,在巴格達Baghdad、阿拉伯人的發現,讓我們對希臘時代的學識有了更深的認識。西班牙也因與穆斯林世界的往來而有了知識上的交流。西班牙城市托雷多Toledo更成為將阿拉伯文翻譯成拉丁文的重鎮,將希臘及阿拉伯文化傳播至西歐的必經之地。義大利沿岸的薩倫托Salerno則是醫學研究中心,古希臘殖民地西西里Sicily則是西方少數仍保有希臘文化及語言的國家。

  這些城市的學者的齊心付出,最終在十五世紀時,將這些文化帶到了印刷業發達的威尼斯,為改變世界與思想進程的文藝復興運動,埋下種子。

  本書以歐幾里德《幾何原本》、托勒密《天文學大成》及蓋倫的醫學筆記三大文獻為中心,帶我們走一遭精彩而令人屏息的知識傳承之旅。(文/博客來編譯)

  “The Map of Knowledge is an endlessly fascinating book, rich in detail, capacious and humane in vision.”—Stephen Greenblatt, author of The Swerve: How the World Became Modern, winner of the Pulitzer Prize

  After the Fall of Rome, when many of the great ideas of the ancient world were lost to the ravages of the Dark Ages, three crucial manuscripts passed hand to hand through seven Mediterranean cities and survived to fuel the revival of the Renaissance--an exciting debut history.

  The foundations of modern knowledge—philosophy, math, astronomy, geography—were laid by the Greeks, whose ideas were written on scrolls and stored in libraries across the Mediterranean and beyond. But as the vast Roman Empire disintegrated, so did appreciation of these precious texts. Christianity cast a shadow over so-called pagan thought, books were burned, and the library of Alexandria, the greatest repository of classical knowledge, was destroyed.

  Yet some texts did survive and The Map of Knowledge explores the role played by seven cities around the Mediterranean—rare centers of knowledge in a dark world, where scholars supported by enlightened heads of state collected, translated and shared manuscripts. In 8th century Baghdad, Arab discoveries augmented Greek learning. Exchange within the thriving Muslim world brought that knowledge to Cordoba, Spain. Toledo became a famous center of translation from Arabic into Latin, a portal through which Greek and Arab ideas reached Western Europe. Salerno, on the Italian coast, was the great center of medical studies, and Sicily, ancient colony of the Greeks, was one of the few places in the West to retain contact with Greek culture and language. Scholars in these cities helped classical ideas make their way to Venice in the 15th century, where printers thrived and the Renaissance took root.
     
  The Map of Knowledge follows three key texts—Euclid's Elements, Ptolemy's The Almagest, and Galen's writings on medicine—on a perilous journey driven by insatiable curiosity about the world.

Review

  “A lovely debut from a gifted young author. Violet Moller brings to life the ways in which knowledge reached us from antiquity to the present day in a book that is as delightful as it is readable.”—Peter Frankopan, author of The Silk Roads

  “A sumptuous, glittering, endlessly fascinating book, written with passion, verve, and humor.”—Catherine Nixey, author of The Darkening Age

  “Superb . . . Ambitious but concise, deeply researched but elegantly written, and very entertaining, The Map of Knowledge is popular intellectual history at its best.”—Tim Smith-Laing, The Telegraph (UK)

  “Euclid’s Elements is the seed from which my subject of mathematics grew. Thanks to this fascinating and meticulous account, I’ve had a glimpse of just how Euclid’s text, together with works by Ptolemy and Galen, blossomed as they wound their way through the centuries and the seven cities at the heart of Violet Moller’s book. What an adventure.”—Marcus du Sautoy, professor of mathematics at the University of Oxford and author of The Music of the Primes
 
  “An epic treasure hunt into the highways and byways of stored knowledge across faiths and continents.” —John Agard, poet and judge, Royal Society of Literature 2016 Jerwood Award
 
  “An exceptionally bold and important book”—Daisy Hay, author of Young Romantics and judge, Royal Society of Literature 2016 Jerwood Award
 
  “The author meticulously and enthusiastically unwinds the ‘dense, tangled undergrowth of manuscript history’ in seven cities . . . Moller enlivens her history with stories about young scholars who dedicated their lives to preserving these valuable texts . . . A dramatic story of how civilization was passed on and preserved.”—Kirkus Reviews
 

作者介紹

Author

VIOLET MOLLER


  VIOLET MOLLER is a historian and writer based in Oxford, England. She received a PhD in intellectual history from Edinburgh University, where she wrote her dissertation on the library of a sixteenth century scholar. She has written three pop reference books for the publishing arm of the Bodleian Library. The Map of Knowledge is her first narrative history.
 

詳細資料

  • ISBN:9780385541763
  • 規格:精裝 / 16.5 x 24.1 x 3.8 cm / 普通級

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