Professor Davide Chiumello, MD, is Chief of the Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine at ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo Hospital, Milan, Italy. Prof. Chiumello’s research has largely focused on understanding the pathological and clinical aspects of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), in particular: respiratory physiology, esophageal pressure, lung recruitment, lung imaging, ventilator-induced lung injury, prone position, controlled and assisted mechanical ventilation, and non-invasive ventilation. He was the Editor-in-Chief of Minerva Anestesiologica (the official journal of the Società Italiana di Analgesia, Anestesia e Terapia Intensiva) until 2015, and currently serves on the editorial board of Critical Care Medicine (the official journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine). He is also a reviewer for a number of international journals and Editor of the E learning committee on Respiratory Failure for the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. Prof. Chiumello is also the author of more than 140 scientific articles and several chapters in medical textbooks.