Embedding Subversion and Gender Identity: The Grammar and Use of ’Ulti’, the Secret Language of the Koti Community in Bengal

Embedding Subversion and Gender Identity: The Grammar and Use of ’Ulti’, the Secret Language of the Koti Community in Bengal

  • 原文出版社:Tulika Books
  • 出版日期:2024/08/06
  • 語言:英文
  • 定價:2400

分期價:(除不盡餘數於第一期收取) 分期說明

  • 運送方式:
  • 臺灣與離島
  • 海外
  • 可配送點:台灣、蘭嶼、綠島、澎湖、金門、馬祖
  • 可取貨點:台灣、蘭嶼、綠島、澎湖、金門、馬祖
  • 分享


Embedding Subversion and Gender Identity: ’Ulti’, the Secret Language of the Hijra-Koti Community opens a window on to the world of the hijra-koti community in West Bengal. This book seeks to contextualize the community within their sociocultural and multilingual ecosystem, and understand the significance of their relationship with Ulti, the secret language spoken by them. Employing a combination of ethnographic and linguistic methodologies of data elicitation, the examines how social conditions lead to the development of a language’s lexicon and grammar, as well as the role language plays in building a subculture and constructing the identity of its speakers.

The book is especially interested in examining the relationship between language and gender - as well as between social gender and grammatical gender - in the context of Ulti. Bangla is a language without grammatical gender; it does not provide hijras or kotis with the linguistic tools required to express their gender. For a person assigned male at birth who identifies as a feminine, femme or trans person, it becomes imperative to find the language to express and locate themselves in relation to the cisnormative and heteropatriarchal narrative that defines the mainstream. Ulti was developed to accomplish this: an ideologically subversive language that creates a discursive space for hijras and kotis within the grammatical framework of Bangla. Ulti also has a rare linguistic feature - a symbolic (feminine) gender marker called mashi that indexes the gender identity of its speakers.

Ulti shows us how a silenced community created a tongue of their own to give voice to their suppressed selves; how language helps forge bonds of solidarity and community, which in turn strengthens the language itself.



Enakshi Nandi has earned her PhD from the Centre for Linguistics, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi. Her PhD is on the grammar and use of Ulti, a secret language spoken by the Koti-Hijra community in West Bengal. Her areas of interest include sociolinguistics, language documentation and queer linguistics.



  • ISBN:9788195639250
  • 規格:精裝 / 普通級 / 初版
  • 出版地:美國




  • 【語言學習】前進未來職場,做個不被AI取代的人|2024新鮮人畢業求職展|電子書6折起









  • 傳記
  • 上半年暢銷
  • 聽讀展