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Essays on Equity, Health, and Education in Sierra Leone: Selected Challenges and Benefits

Essays on Equity, Health, and Education in Sierra Leone: Selected Challenges and Benefits

  • 編者: The World Bank
  • 原文出版社:World Bank Publications
  • 出版日期:2024/06/13
  • 語言:英文
  • 定價:1594

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內容簡介

Sierra Leone is one of the poorest countries within Sub-Saharan Africa, with a gross national income (GNI) per capita of US$510 in 2022. The country ranked near the bottom of all countries in the latest Human Development Index. Despite these low rankings, in the 15 years since the end of the civil war in 2002, there has been notable progress. The return to peace and stability and the ample availability of fertile land facilitated recovery and growth in agriculture. Urban areas have become local trading and commercial centers, and the capital of Freetown has seen many sources of new wealth and development. Poverty significantly declined from 2003 to 2011. Progress continued, although less emphatically until 2018, and access to basic services improved, particularly in education and health. Sierra Leone has made strides in key indicators on education and health, including the expected years of schooling and the primary completion rates. Strong gains in reducing under-five and maternal mortality, as well as under-five stunting, since the end of the war have also been observed. However, improvements in some of these dimensions should not distract policy makers from the challenges posed by the relative lack of progress in others. Adolescent girls in Sierra Leone continue to have relatively high rates of child marriage and early childbearing, and low educational attainment. Moreover, improvements have not permeated to the entire population. The rural poor in particular have suffered from a relative lack of progress. This book examines the evolution of poverty and human development outcomes since the end of the 10-year civil war in 2001 and asks if the foundations for creating shared prosperity and addressing persistent poverty in Sierra Leone have been laid down through key policies in these sectors.

 

作者簡介

The World Bank came into formal existence in 1945 following the international ratification of the Bretton Woods agreements. It is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. The organization’s activities are focused on education, health, agriculture and rural development, environmental protection, establishing and enforcing regulations, infrastructure development, governance and legal institutions development. The World Bank is made up of two unique development institutions owned by its 185 Member Countries. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) focuses on middle income and creditworthy poor countries and the International Development Association (IDA), which focuses on the poorest countries in the world.

 

詳細資料

  • ISBN:9781464820755
  • 規格:平裝 / 116頁 / 普通級 / 初版
  • 出版地:美國

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